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Gudmundur Gudmundsson, who later adopted the pseudonym Erro, was born in 1932 in Ólafsvík, Iceland. After studying at the School of Fine Arts in Reykjavik and the art Academy in Oslo, he moved to Paris, where his work was linked to the Figuration narrative movement. Erro collected images (advertisements, news photos, cartoons, posters) that inspired him and assembled them to make new images. At the Bordas print shop, he produced the surprising "Stalin in New York"; other compositions were strictly photographic. Once the image was made, he placed his Mylar sheets over it and began to paint solids for different colors.